Int. Journal of Business Science and Applied Management, Volume 6, Issue 1, 2011
Book Review: Temporal Structures in Individual Time
Management: Practices to Enhance Calendar Tool Design
Jaya Chitranshi
Jaipuria Institute of Management
Vineet Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow, 226010. India
Tel: ++91 9936156941
Book Information
Book Title: Temporal Structures in Individual Time Management: Practices to Enhance Calendar
Tool Design
Author: Dezhi Wu
Publisher: IGI Global
Edition: 1st edition
Year: 2010
Pages: 283pages
ISBN: 978-1-60566-776-8
Price: £153.00
Keywords: human aspects of business; human aspects of technology; software/systems design;
business information systems
Int. Journal of Business Science and Applied Management /
Time is an invaluable and non-renewable resource in human life. Each one of us has 1440 minutes
on one’s disposal each day. Since we cannot create more time; we must make the best use of the time
we are bestowed upon. Globalization, emphasis on quality, cut-throat competition, multiple roles,
unlimited expectations, changed demographics and demands of the ever-dynamic environment have put
the pressure on the individual. The survival, success and happiness of the individual thus are a function
of his use of time management strategies and his ability. In this tough race, fast and steady is going to
win the race to have a peaceful nap in the end and then to again get going.
This book, “Temporal Structures in Individual Time Management: Practices to Enhance Calendar
Tool Design” discusses time in terms of concepts, methodologies, techniques, tools and perspectives
which are essential for understanding individual time management strategies, with a strong focus on
personal temporal structure usage involving calendar tools. The book provides evidence and insights
for researchers and practitioners to enhance the current electronic calendar system design and
implementation. The book deals with personal temporal structure usage involving calendar tools in
great details so that a person can make the best use of time.
The author discusses the temporal designs of work (8.00 a.m. to 5.00p.m. with an hour-long lunch
break in between, for example) as one type of temporal structure created by our society based on
human social practices and temporal cycle of our bodies. She talks about the complexity of temporality
in our society and throws light on the social aspects of time (socially constructed time).The artifacts,
for example clocks and calendar, record the activities and events through a variety of schedules, which
represent both socially constructed and objective time. The temporality is also affected by social
structures and society temporal regularity. The explicit temporal structures (for example holidays) and
implicit temporal structures (for example an anniversary) also decide the pattern of time management.
The research reported in this book extends temporal structure theories and evidence for investigating
new user requirements to enhance the current electronic calendar systems. This research also offers
insights on capturing and utilizing surrounding temporal structures for successful personal time
management practices.
The book introduces the concept of time based on prior time research and its related concepts.
Quantitative and qualitative time, clock-based and event-based time and linear and cyclical time are
discussed in the book. The complexity of temporal phenomena is dealt with in the book in great detail.
The purpose is to introduce important time concepts to the readers to make learning flow naturally
through out the book. To understand how individuals perceive time, psychological aspects of time are
also explored, particularly focusing on individual’s time urgency and time perspective. The book
reviews and synthesizes time management and temporal personality literatures in organization
behaviour, experimental psychology and educational psychology fields as well as some practical time
management handbooks.
The author identifies how individuals process temporal structure information to develop insights
into quality time management. The book presents the study results of two in-depth interviews with
twenty professionals for identifying what types of temporal structures are being used in their personal
time management practices and possible design implications to further design the current electronic
calendar tools. It seeks to find out whether temporal structure is an important component of individual
time management practices.
To study time management statistically the book reports descriptive data analyses, construct
independence and univariate analyses for a large survey study. The book also describes the process of
normality tests, skewness and kurtosis analyses.
The book tries to identify who are effective time managers? The chapter presents the bivariate
analysis results, and compares the differences between effective time managers and ineffective time
managers based upon their temporal structure knowledge, usage and relationship understanding.
The book enumerates useful and practical time management hints from users that were surveyed
and it identifies user difficulties with the current electronic time management or calendar tools that
users’ desired calendar features. It describes additional stories and evidence from individual users
regarding their time management practices and their expectations about what ideal calendars or time
management tools are needed. The author supports the argument for the need to design and implement
calendar tools that incorporate more temporal structures than the limited ones that are now being used.
A longitudinal study, presented in chapter 12, summarizes and extrapolates the results presented and
combines this data with salient results from the interviews presented in the book .Explicit suggestions
are made for design opportunities that would capture currently unavailable or difficult to capture
temporal structures.
Jaya Chitranshi
The book presents the key findings for this research. Chapter 13 demonstrates how this work is
related to the fields of information systems, computer science and human computer interaction. It
discusses the limitations of this research and describes future research directions that arise from the
results of this research.
The book, in chapter 13, describes concepts, systems and experiences with computer-aided
collaborative scheduling and in chapter 14 introduces the concept of E-scheduling. The purpose of
these chapters is to help the practitioner not to encounter any barrier in implementing calendar tools.
The principal issues of effective learning space management of an online course (workload
management, student management and time management) are discussed in chapter 15 so that all the
important aspects of space management of an online course are dealt with at great length.
The themes discussed in the book; the complexity of temporal phenomena, the alignment of
temporal structures with personal temporal constraints and their effect on personal productivity,
temporal personalities and management of time, electronic time management, personal time
management, current calendar tools etc.; present a complete sphere of time management and their
synergistic combination brings out effective time management. The book differentiates between
effective and ineffective time managers based on their temporal structure usage and understanding. The
book also enumerates useful and practical time management hints for readers and users. It covers the
latest techniques, tools, methodologies and perspectives to help manage time effectively. It also
provides qualitative and quantitative evidences and insights for enhancing current electronic calendar
system design and implementation.
The book tries to bridge the gap existing between temporal structure usage in personal time
management practices and the current electronic calendar design. It offers takeaways for all:
researchers, practitioners and organizations. Researchers and practitioners in the area of human-
computer interaction, information system and computer science as well as people who are generally
interested in improving their time-management will benefit immensely from the book as it singularly
focuses on temporal structuring in individual time management and provides thoughtful insights into
temporal personalities, calendar tools, time dichotomies, and effectiveness of time management. For
organizations the process of capturing, retrieving and creating temporal structures, is indeed a
knowledge management process and therefore the book provides useful hints to design more
appropriate and effective temporal structures for their employees for higher productivity.